Abstracts: August 20th, 2002

By Martin Evans and Michael NobleAn in-depth analysis for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation of local and regional changes in the numbers claiming Income Support and income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance shows that the impact of economic recovery between 1995 and 2000 was not shared equally. The number of people in England claiming means-tested ‘out of work’ benefits fell from 4.8 million in 1995 to 3.8 million in 2000. Just overhalf those who claimed benefits in 1995 were no longer doing so in 2000. Unemployed claimants leaving benefits explained most of the decline in all areas. However, the rate of recovery varied widely between regions and within them. The decline in claims was slowest in manufacturing, industrial and former mining areas. The researchers at the University of Oxford and the London School of Economics found that low local rates of leaving benefits were associated with multiple deprivation, including long-term unemployment, ill health and low educational attainment, as well as an older average age among local people who were out of work.

Published by The Policy Press for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation and available from Marston Book Services, PO Box 269, Abingdon, OX14 4YN