This analysis of the services and support for young people, published by the Centre for Social and Economic Inclusion, reveals substantial fragmentation with 33 funding streams.
The fragmentation is compounded by complexity, confusion and duplication across funding streams. The learning and skills provision spans all ages from 13-24. There are learning grants for those aged 16 or over, but employment support and benefits tend to be focused on those aged over 18.
Across all services and provision, there is significant overlap between funding agencies at ages 16-19, and particularly at age 18. All of DfE, BIS, DWP, Local Authorities/ DCLG and HMRC are funding provision for 18 year olds.
Within services and provision, there is duplication and multiple funding.
For example, learning grants, benefits and tax credits are funded by BIS, DfE, DWP and HMRC. Learning grants are particularly complex.
The Local Government Association is preparing a case for a community budget approach to be adopted to help the most disengaged young people into work and learning.
The Analysis is available from