By Ruth LuptonThis paper from the Institute for Public Policy Research looks at the extent to which place is implicated in differential educational outcomes and the mechanisms which produce ‘place effects’. It explores the impact of neighbourhood on individuals, on motivations and opportunities to learn. This embraces place effects such as the local labour market or environment and resources as well as people effects.
It also looks at the impact of schools on individuals. Schools are key neighbourhood resources, sufficiently so as to merit being treated separately, rather than simply as one of a number of place effects. For those students who are educated locally, the school is a principal mechanism by which their neighbourhood might affect them.
Finally the paper explores neighbourhood effects on schools and the extent to which schools do not just exist within neighbourhoods, but are constituted by them. Neighbourhood characteristics may have consequences for schools, for example their pupil composition or resources or curriculum. This adds another dimension to the notion of school effects and how they might be addressed.
The publication is available for downloading at: http://www.ippr.org.uk/ecomm/files/lupton_paper.pdf